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Trending ETFs

Name

As of 05/17/2024

Price

Aum/Mkt Cap

YIELD

Annualized forward dividend yield. Multiplies the most recent dividend payout amount by its frequency and divides by the previous close price.

Exp Ratio

Expense ratio is the fund’s total annual operating expenses, including management fees, distribution fees, and other expenses, expressed as a percentage of average net assets.

Watchlist

$18.96

$50 M

1.85%

$0.35

1.24%

Vitals

YTD Return

42.3%

1 yr return

113.3%

3 Yr Avg Return

N/A

5 Yr Avg Return

N/A

Net Assets

$50 M

Holdings in Top 10

67.0%

52 WEEK LOW AND HIGH

$18.3
$9.35
$23.07

Expenses

OPERATING FEES

Expense Ratio 1.24%

SALES FEES

Front Load N/A

Deferred Load N/A

TRADING FEES

Turnover N/A

Redemption Fee N/A


Min Investment

Standard (Taxable)

N/A

IRA

N/A


Fund Classification

Fund Type

Exchange Traded Fund


Name

As of 05/17/2024

Price

Aum/Mkt Cap

YIELD

Annualized forward dividend yield. Multiplies the most recent dividend payout amount by its frequency and divides by the previous close price.

Exp Ratio

Expense ratio is the fund’s total annual operating expenses, including management fees, distribution fees, and other expenses, expressed as a percentage of average net assets.

Watchlist

$18.96

$50 M

1.85%

$0.35

1.24%

BTF - Profile

Distributions

  • YTD Total Return 42.3%
  • 3 Yr Annualized Total Return N/A
  • 5 Yr Annualized Total Return N/A
  • Capital Gain Distribution Frequency N/A
  • Net Income Ratio N/A
DIVIDENDS
  • Dividend Yield 1.8%
  • Dividend Distribution Frequency Quarterly

Fund Details

  • Legal Name
    Valkyrie Bitcoin and Ether Strategy ETF
  • Fund Family Name
    Valkyrie Funds
  • Inception Date
    Oct 21, 2021
  • Shares Outstanding
    N/A
  • Share Class
    N/A
  • Currency
    USD
  • Domiciled Country
    US
  • Manager
    Rafael Zayas

Fund Description

The Fund is an actively-managed exchange-traded fund (“ETF”) that seeks to achieve its investment objective by investing all or substantially all of its assets in exchange-traded futures contracts on bitcoin and ether (collectively, “Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts”) and “Collateral Investments” (as defined below). The Fund’s investment in Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts will be approximately equally weighted as of the rebalance date and will be rebalanced on a monthly basis, provided that during rebalancing periods or while taking temporary defensive positions, the Fund may be over- or under-weight with respect to one or another type of Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contract. The Fund will not directly invest in bitcoin or ether. Under normal circumstances, the Fund will seek to purchase a number of Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts so that the total notional value (i.e., the total value of the bitcoin and ether underlying the futures contracts) of the Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts held by the Fund is as close to 100% of the net assets of the Fund as possible.

Investors seeking direct exposure to the price of bitcoin and/or ether should consider investments other than the Fund. The Fund is classified as “non-diversified” under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “1940 Act”).

Bitcoin, ether and Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts are a relatively new asset class and are subject to unique and substantial risks, including the risk that the value of the Fund’s investments could decline rapidly, including to zero. Bitcoin, ether and Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts have historically been more volatile than traditional asset classes. You should be prepared to lose your entire investment.

Bitcoin and Ether

Bitcoin and ether are digital assets. The ownership and behavior of bitcoin and ether is determined by participants in online, peer-to-peer networks that connect computers that run publicly accessible, or “open source,” software that follows the rules and procedures governing the Bitcoin Network and Ethereum Networks, respectively. The Bitcoin Network and Ethereum Network are a peer-to-peer payment networks that operates on a cryptographic protocol, commonly referred to as the “Bitcoin Protocol” or “Ethereum Protocol.” The value of bitcoin and ether is not backed by any government, corporation or other identified body. Their value is determined, in part, by the supply and demand in markets created to facilitate the trading of bitcoin and ether. Ownership and the ability to transfer or take other actions with respect to bitcoin or ether is protected through public-key cryptography. Public-key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is an encryption scheme that uses two mathematically related, but not identical, keys - a public key and a private key. Unlike symmetric key algorithms that rely on one key to both encrypt and decrypt, each key performs a unique function. The public key is used to encrypt and the private key is used to decrypt.

Bitcoin, the Bitcoin Network and the operating software that governs the Bitcoin Network were initially discussed in a white paper that was attributed to an individual named Satoshi Nakamoto. However, no individual has been reliably identified as bitcoin’s creator, and it is generally believed that the name is a pseudonym for the actual inventor(s).  The first bitcoin were created in 2009 upon the release of the Bitcoin Network source code (i.e., the software and protocol that created and launched the Bitcoin Network).  Since 2009, the Bitcoin Network has been actively developed by a group of engineers known as Core Developers.  Bitcoin is an open-source project, and it is not represented by an official organization or authority. The supply of bitcoin is constrained formulaically by the Bitcoin Protocol instead of being explicitly delegated to an identified body (e.g., a central bank or corporate treasury) to control. Units of bitcoin are treated as mutually interchangeable (i.e., fungible). No single entity owns or operates the Bitcoin Network, which is collectively maintained by (1) a decentralized group of participants who run computer software that results in the recording and validation of transactions (these parties are commonly referred to as “miners”), (2) developers who propose improvements to the Bitcoin Protocol and the software that enforces the Bitcoin Protocol and (3) users who choose what bitcoin software to run. From time to time, the developers suggest changes to the bitcoin software, and if a sufficient number of users and miners elect not to adopt the changes, a new digital asset, operating on the earlier version of the bitcoin software, may be created, commonly referred to as a “fork”. The price of the bitcoin futures contracts in which the Fund invests may reflect the impact of these forks.

The Ethereum Network was originally described in a 2013 white paper by Vitalik Buterin, a programmer involved with bitcoin, with the goal of creating a global platform for decentralized applications powered by smart contracts. The formal development of the Ethereum Network began through a Swiss firm called Ethereum Switzerland GmbH in conjunction with several other entities. Subsequently, the Ethereum Foundation, a Swiss non-profit organization, was set up to oversee the protocol’s development. The Ethereum Network went live on July 30, 2015. Unlike other digital assets such as bitcoin, which are solely created through a progressive mining process, 72.0 million ether were created in connection with the launch of the Ethereum Network. The initial 72.0 million ether were distributed as follows:

Initial Distribution: 60.0 million ether, or 83.33% of the supply, was sold to the public in a crowd sale conducted between July and August 2014 that raised approximately $18 million which was used to fund the development of the Ethereum Network.

Ethereum Foundation: 6.0 million ether, or 8.33% of the supply, was distributed to the Ethereum Foundation for operational costs.

Ethereum Developers: 3.0 million ether, or 4.17% of the supply, was distributed to developers who contributed to the Ethereum Network.

Developer Purchase Program: 3.0 million ether, or 4.17% of the supply, was distributed to members of the Ethereum Foundation to purchase at the initial crowd sale price.

Following the launch of the Ethereum Network, ether supply initially increased through a progressive mining process. Following the introduction of EIP-1559, described below, ether supply and issuance rate varies based on factors such as recent use of the network.

Coinciding with the network launch, it was decided that EthSuisse would be dissolved, designating the Ethereum Foundation as the sole organization dedicated to protocol development. Historically and continuing through the present, the development of the source code of the Ethereum protocol has been overseen by the Ethereum Foundation and the core developers. The core developers evolve over time, largely based on self-determined participation. The Ethereum Network is decentralized in that it does not require governmental authorities or financial institution intermediaries to create, transmit or determine the value of ether. Rather, following the initial distribution of ether, ether is created, burned and allocated by the Ethereum Network protocol through a process that is currently subject to an issuance and burn rate. Among other things, ether is used to pay for transaction fees and computational services (i.e., smart contracts) on the Ethereum Network; users of the Ethereum Network pay for the computational power of the machines executing the requested operations with ether. Requiring payment in ether on the Ethereum Network incentivizes developers to write quality applications and increases the efficiency of the Ethereum Network because wasteful code costs more. It also ensures that the Ethereum Network remains economically viable by compensating people for their contributed computational resources.

Bitcoin and ether may be regarded as a currency or digital commodity depending on its specific use in particular transactions. Bitcoin and ether may be used as a medium of exchange or unit of account. Although a number of large and small retailers accept bitcoin and ether as a form of payment in the United States and foreign markets, there is relatively limited use of bitcoin and ether for commercial and retail payments. Similarly, bitcoin and ether may be used as a store of value (i.e., an asset that maintains its value rather than depreciating), although they has experienced significant periods of price volatility.

The value of bitcoin and ether is determined by the value that various market participants place on bitcoin through their transactions. Price discovery occurs through secondary market trading on bitcoin and ether trading platforms, over-the-counter trading desks and direct peer-to-peer payments. Many digital asset trading platforms are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Digital asset trading platforms and over-the-counter trading desks have a relatively limited history, limited liquidity and trading across trading platforms order books which has resulted in periods of high volatility and price divergence among trading platforms. In addition, during high volatility periods, in addition to price divergences, some bitcoin and ether trading platforms have experienced issues related to account access and trade execution.

Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts

Futures contracts are financial contracts the value of which depends on, or is derived from, the underlying reference asset. In the case of bitcoin and ether futures contracts, the underlying reference asset is bitcoin and ether, respectively. Futures contracts may be physically-settled or cash settled. The only futures contracts in which the Fund invests (as described below) are cash-settled bitcoin and ether futures contracts. “Cash-settled” means that when the relevant futures contract expires, if the value of the underlying reference asset exceeds the futures contract price, the seller pays to the purchaser cash in the amount of that excess. Alternatively, if the futures contract price exceeds the value of the underlying reference asset, the purchaser pays to the seller cash in the amount of that excess. In a cash-settled futures contract on bitcoin or ether, the amount of cash to be paid is equal to the difference between the value of the bitcoin or ether, respectively, underlying futures contract at the close of the last trading day of the contract and the futures contract price as specified in the agreement.

The Fund will invest indirectly, via a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Fund organized under the laws of the Cayman Islands (the “Subsidiary”), in standardized, cash-settled futures contracts on bitcoin and ether. Such futures contracts are traded on commodity exchanges registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”). Currently, the Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts in which the Fund will invest are only traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (the “CME”). The value of Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts on the CME are determined by reference to the CME CF Bitcoin Reference Rate and CME CF Ether Reference Rate, respectively, each of which provide an indication of the volume-weighted average price of bitcoin and ether across certain trading platforms.

As the futures contracts approach expiration, they may be replaced by similar contracts that have a later expiration. This process is referred to as “rolling.” The Fund intends to “roll” its Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts prior to expiration. The Fund’s investment sub-adviser, Vident Advisory, LLC (d/b/a Vident Asset Management) (“Vident” or the “Sub-Adviser”), with oversight from the Fund’s investment adviser, Valkyrie Funds LLC (“Valkyrie” or the “Adviser”), seeks to invest in “front month” Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts. “Front month” contracts are the monthly contracts with the nearest expiration date. Typically, the Fund will roll to the next “nearby” Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts. The “nearby” contracts are those contracts with the next closest expiration date. There is no guarantee that such a strategy will produce the desired results.

The Fund’s investment in the Subsidiary is intended to provide the Fund with exposure to the bitcoin and ether futures markets in accordance with applicable rules and regulations. The Subsidiary and the Fund will have the same investment adviser, investment sub-adviser and investment objective. The Subsidiary will also follow the same general investment policies and restrictions as the Fund. Except as noted herein, for purposes of this Prospectus, references to the Fund’s investment strategies and risks include those of the Subsidiary. The Fund complies with the provisions of the 1940 Act governing investment policies and capital structure and leverage on an aggregate basis with the Subsidiary. Furthermore, the Adviser, as the investment adviser to the Subsidiary, complies with the provisions of the 1940 Act relating to investment advisory contracts as it relates to its advisory agreement with the Subsidiary. The Subsidiary also complies with the provisions of the 1940 Act relating to affiliated transactions and custody. Because the Fund intends to qualify for treatment as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), the size of the Fund’s investment in the Subsidiary will not exceed 25% of the Fund’s total assets at each quarter end of the Fund’s fiscal year. The Subsidiary’s custodian is U.S. Bank National Association.

Collateral Investments

In addition to the investments in Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts, the Fund (and the Subsidiary, as applicable) will invest its remaining assets directly in cash, cash-like instruments or high-quality securities (collectively the “Collateral Investments”). The Collateral Investments may consist of high-quality securities, which include: (1) U.S. Government securities, such as bills, notes and bonds issued by the U.S. Treasury; (2) money market funds; and/or (3) corporate debt securities, such as commercial paper and other short-term unsecured promissory notes issued by businesses that are rated investment grade or determined by the Sub-Adviser to be of comparable quality. For these purposes, “investment grade” is defined as investments with a rating at the time of purchase in one of the four highest categories of at least one nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (e.g., BBB- or higher from S&P Global Ratings or Baa3 or higher from Moody’s Investors Service, Inc.). The Collateral Investments are designed to provide liquidity (i.e., provide an asset that can easily be exchanged for cash), and satisfy the “margin” requirements applicable to the Fund’s futures portfolio, which require that the Fund post collateral to secure its obligations under those contracts. Collateral Investments may also be invested in as Secondary Investments, as described below.

In order to help maintain the desired level of exposure to Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts, the Fund may enter into reverse repurchase agreements, a form of borrowing in which the Fund sells portfolio securities to financial institutions and agrees to repurchase them at a mutually agreed-upon date and price that is higher than the original sale price, and use the proceeds for investment purchases.

Secondary Investments

The Fund’s investment in futures contracts will be limited by the position limits established by the derivatives exchange applicable to such contracts. Currently, the position limit for bitcoin futures contracts on the CME is 4,000 contracts for an applicable month, with each contract representing five bitcoin, while the position limit for ether futures contracts is 8,000 contracts for an applicable month, with each contract representing 50 ether. The Fund will be prohibited from purchasing Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts in excess of these limits. If the Fund is prohibited by applicable position limits from buying additional front month Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts, the Fund will invest, in the discretion of the Sub-Adviser, in longer dated Bitcoin and Ether Futures Contracts and/or additional Collateral Investments (collectively, “Secondary Investments”).

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BTF - Performance

Return Ranking - Trailing

Period BTF Return Category Return Low Category Return High Rank in Category (%)
YTD 42.3% -62.5% 107.1% 65.38%
1 Yr 113.3% -89.0% 245.9% N/A
3 Yr N/A* -83.6% 168.8% N/A
5 Yr N/A* -80.0% 108.2% N/A
10 Yr N/A* -100.0% 7.0% N/A

* Annualized

Return Ranking - Calendar

Period BTF Return Category Return Low Category Return High Rank in Category (%)
2023 102.4% -94.4% 48.5% N/A
2022 -63.1% -58.5% 72.8% N/A
2021 N/A -84.2% 86.0% N/A
2020 N/A -67.0% 1180.0% N/A
2019 N/A -50.0% 90.5% N/A

Total Return Ranking - Trailing

Period BTF Return Category Return Low Category Return High Rank in Category (%)
YTD 42.3% -70.3% 78.6% 73.08%
1 Yr 113.3% -89.0% 245.9% N/A
3 Yr N/A* -83.6% 168.8% N/A
5 Yr N/A* -80.0% 108.2% N/A
10 Yr N/A* -100.0% 7.0% N/A

* Annualized

Total Return Ranking - Calendar

Period BTF Return Category Return Low Category Return High Rank in Category (%)
2023 136.0% -94.4% 48.5% N/A
2022 -63.1% -58.5% 72.8% N/A
2021 N/A -84.2% 86.0% N/A
2020 N/A -91.8% 12699.6% N/A
2019 N/A -94.2% 483.4% N/A

BTF - Holdings

Concentration Analysis

BTF Category Low Category High BTF % Rank
Net Assets 50 M 161 K 29.3 B 29.41%
Number of Holdings 4 1 34 78.85%
Net Assets in Top 10 23.1 M 0 1.2 B 9.62%
Weighting of Top 10 67.03% 38.4% 100.0% 36.00%

Top 10 Holdings

  1. United States Treasury Bill 54.88%
  2. First American Treasury Obligations Fund 13.59%
  3. CME Ether Future Jan24 -0.47%
  4. CME Bitcoin Fut Jan24 -0.97%

Asset Allocation

Weighting Return Low Return High BTF % Rank
Bonds
54.88% 0.00% 158.15% 93.62%
Cash
46.56% -121.66% 150.05% 54.35%
Stocks
0.00% -0.18% 100.00% 85.11%
Preferred Stocks
0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 91.30%
Convertible Bonds
0.00% 0.00% 0.32% 91.30%
Other
-1.44% -50.05% 149.96% 19.57%

Bond Sector Breakdown

Weighting Return Low Return High BTF % Rank
Cash & Equivalents
13.59% 0.00% 100.00% 57.78%
Securitized
0.00% 0.00% 12.35% 91.11%
Corporate
0.00% 0.00% 14.43% 91.11%
Municipal
0.00% 0.00% 0.24% 91.11%
Government
0.00% 0.00% 100.00% 93.33%
Derivative
-1.44% 0.00% 66.67% 91.11%

Bond Geographic Breakdown

Weighting Return Low Return High BTF % Rank
US
54.88% 0.00% 158.15% 93.48%
Non US
0.00% 0.00% 20.61% 93.48%

BTF - Expenses

Operational Fees

BTF Fees (% of AUM) Category Return Low Category Return High Rank in Category (%)
Expense Ratio 1.24% 0.50% 3.00% 61.19%
Management Fee 0.95% 0.00% 3.00% 75.00%
12b-1 Fee N/A 0.00% 1.00% 53.85%
Administrative Fee N/A 0.05% 0.25% N/A

Sales Fees

BTF Fees (% of AUM) Category Return Low Category Return High Rank in Category (%)
Front Load N/A 3.00% 4.75% N/A
Deferred Load N/A 1.00% 1.00% N/A

Trading Fees

BTF Fees (% of AUM) Category Return Low Category Return High Rank in Category (%)
Max Redemption Fee N/A 2.00% 2.00% N/A

Related Fees

Turnover provides investors a proxy for the trading fees incurred by mutual fund managers who frequently adjust position allocations. Higher turnover means higher trading fees.

BTF Fees (% of AUM) Category Return Low Category Return High Rank in Category (%)
Turnover N/A 0.00% 55.00% N/A

BTF - Distributions

Dividend Yield Analysis

BTF Category Low Category High BTF % Rank
Dividend Yield 1.85% 0.00% 18.14% 96.97%

Dividend Distribution Analysis

BTF Category Low Category High Category Mod
Dividend Distribution Frequency Quarterly Annually Quarterly Annually

Net Income Ratio Analysis

BTF Category Low Category High BTF % Rank
Net Income Ratio N/A -3.07% 1.41% N/A

Capital Gain Distribution Analysis

BTF Category Low Category High Capital Mode
Capital Gain Distribution Frequency Annually Annually Annually

Distributions History

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BTF - Fund Manager Analysis

Managers

Rafael Zayas


Start Date

Tenure

Tenure Rank

Oct 21, 2021

0.61

0.6%

Rafael Zayas, CFA, is Senior Vice President, Head of Portfolio Management and Trading at Vident Investment Advisory, LLC since June 2020. Mr. Zayas became SVP, Head of Portfolio Management and Trading in June 2020. From 2017 to 2020, he was a Senior Portfolio Manager – International Equity at Vident and has over 15 years of experience that includes managing international equity portfolios, including in emerging and frontier markets. Prior to joining Vident, he was a Portfolio Manager – Direct Investments for seven years at Russell Investments, a global asset manager, where he co-managed more than $4 billion in quantitative strategies across global markets, including the Russell Strategic Call Overwriting Fund, a mutual fund. Mr. Zayas also helped Russell Investments launch its sponsored ETF initiative and advised on index methodologies. Prior to joining Russell Investments, Mr. Zayas was a Portfolio Manager – Equity Indexing at Mellon Capital Management, where he managed assets for internationally listed global equity ETFs. Mr. Zayas graduated with a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Cornell University and obtained a Certificate in Computational Finance and Risk Management from the University of Washington. He also attained the Chartered Financial Analyst designation in 2010.

Ryan Dofflemeyer


Start Date

Tenure

Tenure Rank

Oct 21, 2021

0.61

0.6%

Ryan Dofflemeyer, Senior Portfolio Manager of Vident. Mr. Dofflemeyer has over 16 years of trading and portfolio management experience across various asset classes including both ETFs and mutual funds. He is Senior Portfolio Manager for Vident, specializing in managing and trading of global equity and multi-asset portfolios. Prior to joining Vident, he was a Senior Portfolio Manager at ProShares for over $3 billion in ETF assets across global equities, commodities and volatility strategies. Before that, he was a Research Analyst at the Investment Company Institute in Washington DC. Mr. Dofflemeyer holds a BA from the University of Virginia and an MBA from the University of Maryland.

Steven McClurg


Start Date

Tenure

Tenure Rank

Oct 21, 2021

0.61

0.6%

Steven McClurg, Chief Investment Officer of Valkyrie. Steven McClurg has considerable finance and fintech experience. Most recently, Mr. McClurg founded Theseus Capital, a blockchain-powered asset management platform, followed by joining blockchain-focused merchant bank, Galaxy Digital, where he continued as Managing Director, building their asset management and public funds businesses. Most relevant, Mr. McClurg was a Managing Director at Guggenheim Partners, where he was a portfolio manager and responsible for portfolio construction and strategy for fixed income and private equity. He also has experience in leadership roles in technology companies such as Electronic Arts. Mr. McClurg holds an MS and an MBA from Pepperdine University, where he has served as an adjunct professor.

Tenure Analysis

Category Low Category High Category Average Category Mode
0.04 16.86 3.85 0.05